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“The cost of serious health consequences from Particulate Matter pollution is estimated to be around 3 per cent of India’s GDP, according to a Health Ministry statement in Lok Sabha.

Minister of State for Health and Family welfare Anupriya Patel, in a written statement to the Parliament, cited the ‘India – Diagnostic Assessment of Select Environmental Challenges’ report prepared by the World Bank Disaster Management and Climate Change Unit, which states that the total damage because of environmental degradation amounts to Rs. 3.75 trillion, which is equivalent to around 5.7 per cent of the India’s GDP.

“Government is making efforts to control air pollution by formulating environmental regulations, setting up of monitoring network for assessment of ambient air quality and promoting cleaner production processes,” Patel informed Lok Sabha Friday.

Introduction of alternate fuels like gaseous fuel (CNG, LPG), implementation of Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) norms in 63 select cities, promotion of public transport network of metro, buses, e-rickshaws and phasing out of 15 year old diesel vehicles in Delhi were some other steps taken by the Government to improve the air quality, the Minister said.

Meanwhile, Greenpeace India too, in a report, has claimed that total deaths caused due to air pollution in the country are underestimated at least by six lakh people.

According to the report, air pollution kills over 1.6 million people in India and China every year due to increasing use of fossil fuels, particularly coal. It adds that out of the 6.5 million global deaths from air pollution in 2015, 3.4 million deaths were in China and India.” ET Energy World: The Economic Times. Read it on

Health cost of air pollution in India assessed at 3 per cent of its GDP